Low Heng Chin

LHC  Low Heng Chin
B.Sc., PhD Liverpool
Statistical Theory, Practical Applications of Statistics.
Room no: 037, Ext: 3641


Name: Low Heng Chin

Current designation: Professor

Department: School of Mathematical Sciences

Organization: Universiti Sains Malaysia

Tel (Office): 04 653 3641

Tel (Mobile): 016 414 2637

Email address: hclow@usm.my, lowhengchin@gmail.com

Correspondence address: School of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang


Academic qualifications: B.Sc. Honours, Ph.D. (Mathematical Statistics), University of Liverpool, U.K.

Professional qualifications: Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, London, U.K. (FRSS)


Area of expertise:  Applied Statistics

Research experiences:

  1.1 Research Grant

 1.1.1 Research Grant (as Principal Investigator)

(Project Title),(Sponsorship),(Total Grant),(Date/Duration) 

1.  A New Class of Biased Estimators for the Problem of Multicollinearity, USM JANGKA PENDEK,  RM20,000.00, 15/5/2006-14/5/2008 

2.  Evaluation of A New Class of Based Estimators with Linex (Linear Exponential) Loss Function, FRGS, RM39,000.00, 15/1/2007-14/1/2010

3.   Robust Statistics, RCMO, USM, RM15,000.00, 4/1/2011 - 31/12/2013 

4.  Ignorable and Nonignorable Dropout Models for Longitudinal Data, RCMO, USM, RM5,000.00, 19/7/2011 - 19/7/2013

5.  Transformation by Applying Innovative and Sustainable Mobile Learning in Manufacturing Process and Machine Maintenance, CREST, RM89,000.00, 1/7/2013-30/6/2015

6.  A novel approach for prioritisation of product reliability improvement in a complex manufacturing environment, CREST, RM184,700.00, 12/1/2016-31/12/2018

 1.1.2 Research Grant (as Co-Researcher)

(Project Title),(Sponsorship),(Total Grant),(Project Leader),(Date/Duration) 

1.  Profil lactat di dalam peluh dan darah semasa berpeluh akibat senaman,induksi terma(thermal) dan drug, USM, RM40,000.00, Roland Gamini Sirisinghe, 1/3/1989-28/2/1991

2.  Survival Rate in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, USM, RM40,000.00, Sambandam Elango, 1/3/1990-28/2/1991

3.  Kajian longitudinal faktor-faktor risiko penyakit jantung koronari di Malaysia, USM, RM16,150.00, Wan Abdul Manan Bin Wan Muda, 1/1/1991-31/12/1991

4. Pengaruh-Pengaruh Budaya ke atas Kesihatan Mental Wanita Malaysia, USM, RM120,000.00, Rahamathulla Mubarak Ali , 1/2/1994-30/11/1996

5.  Quality of Life of the Patients with Severe Forms of Mental  llnesses in Pulau Pinang, IRPA J/P, RM200,000.00, Rahamathulla Mubarak Ali,  1/1/1997-30/6/1998

6.  Quality of Life of the Patients with Severe Forms of Mental Illnesses in Malaysia, IRPA J/P, RM114,662.00, Ismail Bin Baba, 1/9/1998-28/2/2003

7.  An Investigation into Adaptive Digital Signal Processing for Wireless Communication: Modelling and Analysis of Algorithms, IRPA, RM208,000.00, Yahya Bin Abu Hasan, 1/10/2000-30/9/2004 

8.  Weight Reduction Best Practices and Follow-Up Evaluation among Obese Adults, RM8 - KATEGORI EA, RM168,000.00, Wan Abdul Manan Bin Wan Muda , 1/9/2002-31/8/2005

9.  Theoretical Design and Development of New and More Robust Quality Control Charts and a Study of their Properties, FRGS, RM39,065.00, Michael Khoo Boon Chong, 15/11/2002-30/11/2004

10. A Neural Network Approach to Synthetic Control Chart for the Process Mean, USM (RU), RM122,759.00, Michael Khoo Boon Chong, 22/10/2007-30/9/2010

11. Graduate Students' Training Needs in Research and Statistics, USM (JANGKA PENDEK), RM39,824.00, Ong Saw Lan, 15/11/2009-14/5/2012

12.  Modeling of SVC for Variable Bit Rate Video Transmission in Wireless Sensor Network, USM (RU), RM142,600.00, Wan Tat Chee, 15/7/2012-14/7/2015

13.   Motorola Lifestyles - Wellness Management for Healthy Minds in Healthy Body, Motorola USA, RM50,000.00, Azizah Osman, 19/7/2011 - 19/7/2013 

14.  Lean Transformation by Adopting Structured Value Stream Mapping (VSM) and QC Tools, CREST, RM97,400.00, Shahrul Bin Kamaruddin, 15/6/2012 - 15/6/2014 

Industry working experiences:  Completed 9 months attachment with Motorola Penang (in 1993, 2003), Hewlett-Packard (in 1998), and Robert Bosch (in 2008).

Industrial Collaborations: Robert Bosch (1994-current), Motorola Penang (1994-current), Hewlett-Packard (1998-2000), QDOS (2011-2014), Avago Technologies (2015), Sanmina (2016)




Refereed International Journal Publications (publications from the last 3 years):


1. Sin Yin Teh, Heng Chin Low and Ping Chow Teoh, Statistical Process Control for Process Improvement in Industry: A Case Study, Advanced Science Letters, 2015,1-5.

2.  Jit Ping Siew, Heng Chin Low and Ping Chow Teoh, Characterizing Performances of Solder Paste Printing Process at Flexible Manufacturing Lines, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2015, 1643, 341-348.

3.  Jit Ping Siew, Heng Chin Low and Ping Chow Teoh, Towards Zero Defects in Solder Paste Printing using Process Analytics, Applied Mechanics Materials Journal, 2015, 1662-7482.

4.  Wasin A.A. Alqaraghuli, Abbas F.M. Alkarkhi and H.C. Low, Fitting Second-Order Model to Mixed Three-Level and Four-Level Factorial Designs using the Coefficient of Polynomial Contrast, World Applied Sciences Journal, 2015, 33(9), 1450-1456.

5.  Wasin A.A. Alqaraghuli, Abbas F.M. Alkarkhi and H.C. Low, Fitting Second-Order Models to Mixed Two-Level and Four-Level Factorial Designs: Is there an easier procedure?, International Journal of Engineering, 2015, 28(11), 1-7.

6.  Siew, J.P., Low, H.C. and Teoh, P.C., An Interactive Mobile Learning Application Using Machine Learning Framework in a Flexible Manufacturing Environment, International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 2015, In Print.


1.  Muhammad Atif, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Muhammad Asif, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Muhammad Khan Sarfraz and Heng Chin Low, Impact of tuberculosis treatment on health-related quality of life of pulmonary tuberculosis patients: a follow-up study, Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 2014, 12, 19-42.  (ISI IF: 2.27)

2.  Muhammad Atif, Zohreh Toghrayee, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Asrul Akmal Shafie, Heng Chin Low and Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Missing Data Analysis in Longitudinal Studies: Findings from a Quality of Life Study in Malaysian Tuberculosis Patients, Applied Research in Quality of Life, 2014,  11 pages DOI 10.1007/s11482-014-9302-x (ISI IF:    0.627)

3.  Alya O. Al Mutairi and Heng Chin Low, P-Value for Two-Sample Linear Rank Tests using Permutation Simulations and the Normal Approximation Method, Communications in Statistics - Simulation and Computation, 2014, DOI: 10.1080/03610918.2013.794287 (ISI IF: 0.288)

4.  Alya O. Al Mutairi and Heng Chin Low, Improved Measures of the Spread of Data for some Unknown Complex Distributions using Saddlepoint Approximations, Communications in Statistics - Simulation and Computation, 2014, DOI: 10.1080/03610918.2013.849739 (ISI IF: 0.288)

5.  O. Al Mutairi Alya and Heng Chin Low, Estimations of the Central Tendency Measures of the Random-sum Poisson-Weibull Distribution using Saddlepoint Approximation, Journal of Applied Sciences, 2014, ISSN 1812-5654 / DOI: 10.3923/jas 2014, 5 pages.

6.  Zohreh Toghrayee, Parvin Jalili, Heng Chin Low and Ardavan Taghva, A Mixture Dropout Machanism in a Longitudinal Study with Two Time Points: A Methadone Study, Australian Journal of Mathematics and Statistics, 2014, 10(3), 247-257. 

7.  Al Mutairi Alya O and Heng Chin Low, Saddlepoint Approximation to Cumulative Distribution Functions for Some Difficult and Unknown Linear Combinations of Random Variables., Canadian Journal of Pure & Applied Sciences, 2014, 8(3), 3081-3089. 


1.  Al Mutairi Alya O. and Heng Chin Low, Saddlepoint Approximation to Cumulative Distribution Function for Poisson-Exponential Distribution, Modern Applied Science, 2013, 7 (3), 26-32. 

2.  Norsyahida, A., Riazi, M., Sadjjadi, S.M., Muhammad Hafiznur, Y., Low, H.C., Zeehaida, M., and Noordin, R., Laboratory serodiagnosis of strongyloidiasis: IgG-, IgG4_ and IgE ELISAs and cross-reactivity with lymphatic filariasis, Parasite Immunology, 2013, 35, 174-179. (ISI IF: 1.85)

3.  Ja'afar Nuhu Ja'afar, Yuan Xin Goay, Nur Fatihah Mohammad Zaidi, Heng Chin Low, Hani Mat Hussin Mansor Hamzah, Subhash Janardhan Bhore, Prabha Balaram, Asma Ismail, and Kia Kien Phua, Epidemiological analysis of typhoid fever in Kelantan from a retrieved registry, Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 2013, 9(2), 147-151. 

4.  Wasin A.A. Alqaraghuli, Abbas F.M. Alkarkhi and H.C. Low, A New Procedure for Fitting Second-Order Model to Four-Level Factorial Designs, World Applied Sciences Journal, 2013, 22(8), 1116-1128.

5.  Almutairi Aned Omar and Heng Chin Low, Bayesian Estimate of Parameters for Life Distributions based on Different Loss Functions, Advances in Applied Mathematical Analysis, 2013, 8(1), 11-17. 

6.  Al Mutairi Aned O. and Heng Chin Low, Concepts in Order Statistics and Bayesian Estimation, Mathematical Theory and Modelling, 2013, 3(4), 37-42. 

7.  Zohreh Toghrayee, Heng Chin Low and Ardavan Taghva, Handling Missing At Random Data: A Case Study of Imputation Methods, World Applied Sciences Journal, 2013, 26(8), 1079-1085.

8.  Al Mutairi Alya O. and Heng Chin Low, Saddlepoint Approximation to Cumulative Distribution Function for Poisson-Binomial Model, Modern Applied Science, 2013, 7 (6), 101-105. 

9.  Al Mutairi Alya O. and Heng Chin Low, Saddlepoint Approximation to Cumulative Distribution Function for Damage Process, Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 2013, 3(5), 485-492.